|Flag of Algeria|
|Adopted||July 3, 1962 |
|Designed by||Messali Hadj |
The flag of Algeria consists of two equal vertical bands of green (hoist side) and white; a red, five-pointed star within a red crescent centred over the two-colour boundary. 
The flag's design a combination of the standard of Emir Abdel Kadir (who led a resistance movement movement in in the early 19th century) which consisted of two equal vertical bands, green and white,and the flag of the Algerian Regency from the 16th to the 19th century, which consisted of a white crescent and star on a red background (the same as the modern flag of Turkey; the Algerian Regency was an autonomous member state of the Ottoman Empire). 
The green colour and the crescent symbolize Islam.
When the regency of Algiers was invaded by the French in the early 19th century, Emir Abdelkader raised a resistance movement. He supposedly developed the flag design now used by Algeria, although evidence for this is lacking. The colours and symbols of the flag are associated with Islam, as well as with the Arab dynasties that ruled in Algeria and elsewhere.
It is known that Abdelkader’s grandson Khaled and the Algerian nationalist leader Ahmed Messali Hadj used the green-and-white flag in the 1920s as a rallying point for those opposed to French rule. In the 1950s the National Liberation Front and the National Liberation Army gave support to that flag, finally raised over an independent Algeria on July 3, 1962. Another symbol long popular on Algerian flags, the so-called Hand of Fatima, a stylized silhouette of a hand, was represented along with a bright yellow ring in the flag proposed in the 1940s by the Democratic Union of the Algerian Manifesto. However, the Hand of Fatima was not used in the flag of 1962.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 Algeria at Flags of the World
- ↑ Flag of Algeria at CIA World Factbook
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 Algeria, flag of. (2009). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved January 17, 2009, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online