Flag of Cameroon
Adopted May 20, 1975 [1]
Designed by (unknown)
Proportions 2:3 [2]

The flag of Cameroon is an equal vertical tricolour of green, red, and yellow, with a small yellow five-pointed star in the centre of the flag.


Red, yellow, and green are the Pan-African colours (the traditional colours of Africa). The five-pointed star represents Cameroonian unity. [3] The tricolour design of the flag resembles the flag of France, which had control over the nation until 1960.

Official symbolism is as follows:

  • The green stands for the vegetation of the south.
  • The yellow stands for the savannas of the north.
  • The red symbolizes a link between the north and south.
  • The star is referred to as "the star of unity"



Proposed flag of the German Kamerun, 1914

In 1884-1916 the country was a colony of the German Empire (Deutsch-Kamerun). In World War I the British invaded Cameroon from Nigeria in 1914 in the West Africa campaign, with the last German fort in the country surrendering in February 1916. After the war this colony was partitioned between the United Kingdom and France under a June 28, 1919 League of Nations mandates.

Cameroon 1957


After it was promised independence, the local government of the French Cameroon began discussing a possible national flag in 1957. One popular symbol suggested for the flag was the prawn that had given the country its name. (The Portuguese place-name Rio dos Camarões ["River of the Prawns" or "River of Shrimps"] was corrupted into Cameroons or Cameroon.)

Cameroon 1961


In the end, however, the members of the legislature favoured a simple flag of three equal vertical stripes. The first flag was officially hoisted on October 29, 1957. After independence on January 1, 1960, the flag was retained, but slight modifications were subsequently made. The amalgamation of part of the British Cameroons into the country led to the addition of two yellow stars to the green stripe of the flag on October 1, 1961.


Since 1975

The present design dates from May 20, 1975, when a central yellow star was substituted for the two stars, as a symbol of national unity.[4]


  1. Cameroon Flag at
  2. Flag of Cameroon. History and Facts.
  3. Cameroon at Flags of the World
  4. Cameroon, flag of. (2009). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved January 20, 2009, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online
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