Flag of Ecuador
Adopted September 26, 1860[1]
Designed by Francisco de Miranda[1]
Proportions 1:2

The flag of Ecuador consists of three horizontal bands of yellow (top, double width), blue, and red with the coat of arms superimposed at the centre of the flag; similar to the flag of Colombia, which is shorter and does not bear a coat of arms. [2]


Currently the colours are interpreted as follows:

  • Red stands for the blood shed by the soldiers and martyrs for the independence.
  • Blue is the colour of the sea and the sky.
  • Yellow stands for abundance and fertility of the crops and the land. [3]

Historically, the red, green and blue are the colours of Francisco de Miranda, the South American revolutionist and adventurer. Yellow is the colour of the federation, red is said to indicate courage and blue symbolizes independence from Spain.[1]

Other national flagsEdit


In their revolt against Spanish rule, Ecuadorian patriots in the city of Guayaquil on October 9, 1820, displayed a flag of five equal horizontal stripes of light blue and white, with three white stars in the centre. The colours and stripes took their inspiration from the Argentine flags carried by José de San Martín and his Army of the Andes. Victorious against the Spanish at the Battle of Pichincha on May 24, 1822, General Antonio José de Sucre hoisted the horizontal yellow-blue-red tricolour that Francisco de Miranda had flown in 1806 in Venezuela. These two flag traditions from other former Spanish colonies influenced the flags of Ecuador throughout the 19th century.

At first a white flag with a white star on a blue canton was adopted on June 2, 1822; it was replaced on March 6, 1845, by a flag of white-blue-white vertical stripes and three white stars. Later that year the number of stars was increased to seven. Under Gabriel García Moreno, on September 26, 1860, the country changed to the unequal yellow-blue-red stripes being used by neighbouring Colombia. That decision was ratified on January 10, 1861, and reconfirmed on December 5, 1900. [4]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Ecuador Flag at WorldAtlas.Com
  2. Flag of Ecuador at CIA World Factbook
  3. Ecuador at Flags of the World
  4. Ecuador, flag of. (2009). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved March 11, 2009, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online
South America South America
Argentina ArgentinaBolivia BoliviaBrazil BrazilChile ChileColombia ColombiaEcuador EcuadorGuyana Guyana
Panama PanamaParaguay ParaguayPeru PeruSuriname SurinameTrinidad and Tobago Trinidad and TobagoUruguay UruguayVenezuela Venezuela

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