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Flag of Jordan
Jordan
Adopted April 16, 1928[1]
Designed by (unknown)
Proportions 1:2[2]

The flag of Jordan consists of three equal horizontal bands of black (top), white, and green; a red isosceles triangle on the hoist side, and bearing a small white seven-pointed star.[3]

The flag of Jordan is very similar to the flag of Palestine, which does not bear the star, and has shorter triangle.

Other national flagsEdit

SymbolismEdit

The design of the flag is based on the flag of the Arab Revolt.

The flag symbolizes the Kingdom's roots in the Great Arab Revolt of 1916, as it is adapted from the revolt banner. The black, white and green bands represent the Arab Abbasid, Umayyad and Fatimid dynasties respectively, while the crimson triangle joining the bands represents the Hashemite dynasty. The seven-pointed Islamic star set in the center of the crimson triangle represents the unity of Arab peoples in Jordan.[4]

HistoryEdit

Prior to World War I, young Arabs in Istanbul created a flag to symbolize their aspirations within the Turkish-dominated Ottoman Empire. They recalled a 13th-century poem by Ṣafī ad-Dīn al-Ḥilli that included the words: We are a people whose character refuses, for honour, to cause harm to those who do not harm us: white [pure] are our deeds, black are our battles, green are our fields, red [bloody] are our swords. Stripes of these colours were made into a party flag. In 1917 Ḥusayn ibn ʿAlī raised the Arab Revolt Flag over his territories in the Hejaz: the original design had horizontal stripes of black-green-white with a red triangle at the hoist, but later the white and green stripes were reversed.

The Arab Revolt Flag was hoisted in Jerusalem in December 1917. Later, Abdullah, one of Ḥusayn’s sons, was recognized by the British as a ruler in what was then known as Transjordan. His flag modified the original Arab Revolt Flag by the addition of a white seven-pointed star on the triangle. It was recognized under the Transjordan constitution of April 16, 1928, and no change was made in the flag when Jordan gained its independence on March 22, 1946. However, when Jordan and Iraq announced a federation known as the Arab Union, their joint flag—in use only between March and July 1958—was the original Arab Revolt Flag without the star. Different interpretations have been given to the seven points of the star, but originally they were associated with the former districts of Syria (Aleppo, Damascus, Beirut, Lebanon, Palestine, Transjordan, and Deir ez-Zor).[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. Jordan at Flags of the World
  2. Jordan at World Flag Database
  3. Flag of Jordan at CIA World Factbook
  4. National anthem on the site dedicted to King Hussein
  5. Jordan, flag of. (2009). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved April 03, 2009, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online
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