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Flag of Kiribati
Kiribati
Adopted July 12, 1979
Designed by Sir Arthur Grimble[1]
Proportions 1:2[1]

The flag of Kiribati consists of the upper half — red with a yellow frigate bird flying over a yellow rising sun, and the lower half — blue with three horizontal wavy white stripes to represent the ocean.[2]

SymbolismEdit

  • The wavy lines represent the Pacific Ocean and the group of Guilbert, Phoenix and Line islands.
  • The seventeen rays signify Banaba and other sixteen Guilbert Islands.[1]
  • The Sun symbolises that the islands are located close to the 180 degree meridian and equator.
  • The Frigate bird (Fregat Aquilla) symbolises power, poise and freedom. To the natives it is a sign of sovereignty and kingly birth, and highly regarded as such.[3]

HistoryEdit

The British acquired extensive colonies and protectorates in the Pacific Ocean during the 19th century, including the Gilbert Islands, with their Micronesian population, and the nearby Ellice Islands, which were dominated by Polynesians. In anticipation of independence from Britain, a referendum was held and the two territories were separated in 1976. The former Gilbert Islands were proclaimed the independent Republic of Kiribati, the name being simply the local spelling and pronunciation of "Gilberts". The new flag, hoisted at independence on July 12, 1979, was based on the coat of arms granted to the islands in 1937.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Kiribati Flag at Maps of World.Com
  2. Flag of Kiribati CIA World Factbook
  3. Kiribati at Flags of the World
  4. Kiribati, flag of. (2009). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved April 10, 2009, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online
Oceania
Australia AustraliaFiji FijiIndonesia IndonesiaKiribati Kiribati
Marshall Islands Marshall IslandsMicronesia MicronesiaNauru NauruNew Zealand New Zealand
Palau PalauPapua New Guinea Papua New GuineaSamoa SamoaSolomon Islands Solomon Islands
Timor-Leste Timor-LesteTonga TongaTuvalu TuvaluVanuatu Vanuatu

Dependencies and other territories

Christmas Island Christmas Island (Australia)Niue Niue (New Zealand)

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