|Flag of Mauritania|
|Adopted||April 1, 1959|
|Designed by||Mukthar Ould Dada? |
The flag of the Islamic Republic of Mauritania is green with a yellow five-pointed star above a yellow, horizontal crescent; the closed side of the crescent is down. 
Although Mauritania includes both black African and Arab-Berber populations, the official symbolism of the nation's flag and coat of arms is associated with the latter. The flag's green background and its star and crescent are traditional Muslim symbols, which have been in use for centuries.
Mauritania was part of the French colonial empire until November 28, 1958, when an autonomous republic was established in order to meet rising nationalist expectations while preserving the French Community. The new national flag of the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, replacing the French Tricolor, was adopted on April 1, 1959. There was no change to the design when Mauritania became an independent country on November 28, 1960.
- ↑ Mauritania at Flags of the World
- ↑ Mauritania: Islamic Republic
- ↑ Flag of Mauritania at CIA World Factbook
- ↑ "Mauritania, flag of." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2009. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 16 Jan. 2009 <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1355383/flag-of-Mauritania>.
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