Flag of Mongolia
Adopted Febuary 12, 1992 [1][2]
Designed by (unknown)
Proportions 1:2 [3][4][5]

The flag of Mongolia has three equal, vertical bands of red (hoist side), blue, and red; centered on the hoist-side red band in yellow is the national emblem ("soyombo" - a columnar arrangement of abstract and geometric representation for fire, sun, moon, earth, water, and the yin-yang symbol).


Blue is a traditional Mongolian color and it represents the sky. The red stripes initially represented Mongolia's socialist beliefs in an earlier flag, but a modern interpretation means liberty and progress. The soyombo is a national emblem which contains individual symbolism within it. The fire at the top represents prosperity, contentment and regeneration. The three flames represent the past, present and future. The sun and moon symbolize the universe. The triangles pointing at the ground are arrowheads and represent Mongolian's willingness to defend their nation. The horizontal rectangles stand for honesty, justice and righteousness. The middle circle can be interpreted as the Buddhist yin and yang symbol, which represents complementary opposite forces existing together in the universe. The circle can also be interpreted as two fish that never close their eyes, representing the watchfulness and vigilance of Mongolians. The vertical rectangles represent pillars which symbolize strength, resolve and hardness.[6][7]


People's Republic of Mongolia (1949-1992)

The flag used by the People's Republic of Mongolia.

The communist regime first introduced a flag looking like today's flag, with the red symbolising communism. The only difference is the communist star on the left-hand red stripe, that was removed when Mongolia became a democratic state in 1992.


  1. Mongolia at Flags of the World
  2. Flag of Mongolia at World Flags 101
  3. Mongolia at Flags of the World
  4. Flag of Mongolia at Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  5. Flag of Mongolia at World Flags 101
  6. Flag of Mongolia at World flags 101
  7. Flag of Mongolia at Britannica Online Encyclopedia
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