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Flag of Russia
Russia
Adopted August 22, 1991
Designed by Peter the Great[1]
Proportions 2:3[2]

The flag of Russia (Россия) is an equal horizontal tricolour of white, blue, and red.

SymbolismEdit

Originally the flag was made to be flown over one of the first Russian ships and was designed after the flag of the Netherlands. It uses the traditional Russian colors white, blue, and red (also featured on the coat of arms of Moscow).

The flag uses Pan-Slavic colours, probably because it influenced their choice (between 1795 and 1878 Russia was the only predominately Slavic independent country in the world).

Officially the colours have no symbolim. But throughout its history many explanations were proposed:

White Blue Red
Nobility, frankness Loyalty, honesty, irreproachability, chastity Courage, self-sacrifice, generosity, love
Liberty, independence God Mother Sovereignty
White Russia (Belarus) Small Russia (Ukraine) Great Russia (Muscovite Russia)
Faith, God Czar Fatherland, people

Other national flagsEdit

HistoryEdit

Russia 1667

1667 (?)

One of the first documented flags of Russia appeared on an engrave of war ship Oryol by a Dutch artist in 1667/1668. Some historians argue though that Oyol already used flag identical to the current one. [3]
Russia

1690s-1918

The flag of contemporary design was raised over Peter the Great's yacht in 1693. It was flown over Russian ships since the regular Russian fleet was established in 1696. In 1720 it was officially prescribed in the marine regulations as the flag for merchant ships.
Romanov Flag

1858-1883

In 1858 so called "heraldic national colours" — black, yellow, and white (or black, orange, and white) — were adopted as flag of the Russian Empire. According to German traditions the colours corresponded to the colours of the Imperial coat of arms. The colours did not gain popularity, in many cases the flag of contemporary design was used instead, and in 1883 they were officially abandoned in favour of white, blue, and red. Whether there was a national flag based on these colours still is a matter of discussion, but currently the black-yellow-white is generally perceived as the symbol of the Russian Empire.
RSFSR 1918

RSFSR, 1918 version

RSFSR 1925

RSFSR, 1925 version

RSFSR 1937

RSFSR, 1937 version

The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, proclaimed in 1917, used red flag with abbreviation "РСФСР" in golden lettering in canton. It was not well fixed, and the font face and and minor details were changing.
RSFSR 1954

RSFSR, 1954-1991

In 1947 the the central government recommended the Union republics to adopt new flags based on the design of the flag of the Soviet Union. The Russian SFSR adopted flag of the new design in 1954.
Russia 1991

1991-1993

On August 22, 1991 the "historical" flag of Russia was recognized as the national flag of the Russian SFSR. The difference between it and the contemorary flag was that it used azure stripe instead of blue, and length/width proportions was 2:1 (like in the Soviet flags). Since 1994, August 22 is celebrated as the Day of the State Flag of Russia. [4]
Russia

Since 1993

The contemporary flag was fixed by the presidential decree on December 11, 1993.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Russia's Flag at EnchantedLearning.com
  2. Russia at Flags of the World
  3. Russian Wikipedia
  4. Day of the State Flag of Russia as Calend.ru
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