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Flag of Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
Adopted November 18, 1991 [1]
Designed by (unknown)
Proportions 1:2 [2]

The flag of Uzbekistan (in Uzbek: Oʻzbekiston davlat bayrogʻi) consists of three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), white, and green separated by red fimbriations with a white crescent moon and 12 white stars in the upper hoist-side quadrant.[3]

SymbolismEdit

  • The light-blue is the colour of clear skies and pure water. It is the colour chosen by Tamerlane for his flag.
  • The white is a symbol of peace and purity.
  • The red strips symbolise vital forces.
  • The green is a symbol of nature.
  • The crescent is an ancient symbol of Uzbeks. The crescent and stars is a symbol of cloudless skies and peace. The number twelve (stars) is a symbol of perfection, each star stands for a month of the ancient Uzbek calendar.

Sometimes the crescent is interpreted as a symbol of Islam, and the number of stars as the number of viloyatlar (provinces) of Uzbekistan. The latter explanation is frowned at because it implies that the national capital, Tashkent, and the Karakalpakstan Autonomous Republic are not represented.

HistoryEdit

The Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic was created in 1924 as one of the constituent Republics of the Soviet Union on the territory ceded by the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.

Its first flag was hoisted on July 22, 1925 and was red, with the country's name in Arabic and the Cyrillic characters УзССР in the top-left corner in gold. Till 1952 the flag was much the same, but wording of the name was a subject to change:

  • Between January 9, 1926 and 1931: the country's name was in Uzbek, Russian and Tajik.
  • Between 1931 and 1937: the Uzbek abbreviation OzSSC, and its Russian equivalent УзССР.
  • Between 1937 and 1940s: the Uzbek country's name in Latin characters — OZBEKISTAN SSR.
  • Between 1940s and 1952: the country's name was in both Uzbek (Ўзбекистон ССР) and Russian (Узбекская ССР).

The flag with light-blue stripe and without the republic's name was adopted on August 29, 1952 when the new pattern of the Soviet flags was introduced.

The current flag of Uzbekistan was approved at the Seventh Extraordinary Session of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Uzbekistan, on November 18, 1991, when the country proclaimed its independence from the Soviet Union.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Coats, flag and history of Uzbekistan at Oriental Express Central Asia
  2. Uzbekistan at Flags of the World
  3. Flag of Uzbekistan at CIA World Factbook
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