Flag of Zambia
Adopted October 24, 1964
Designed by Mrs Gabriel Ellison
Proportions 2:3[1]

The flag of Zambia consists of a green field with a panel of three vertical bands of red (hoist side), black, and orange below a soaring orange eagle, on the fly edge of the flag.[2]

The flag is unusual because it has its charges concentrated in its fly half.


  • The red stands for the struggle for freedom.
  • The black stands for the Zambian people.
  • The orange stands for natural resources and mineral wealth.
  • The eagle represents the people's ability to rise above the nation's problems.[3]
  • Historically the panel of vertical stripes was a depiction of the Victoria Falls.


British South Africa Company

BSAC, 1890-1964

Originally the territory of the contemporary Zambia was colonised by British South Africa Company, established by Cecil Rhodes in 1889. Since 1890 its own flag was flown.
Northern Rhodesia

Northern Rhodesia, 1939-1953, 1963-1964

In 1924 the territory was re-organised into an official British protectorate of the Northern Rhodesia, and became administered by the United Kingdom government. In 1939 it was granted a coat of arms: a fish eagle (nkwazi) with a fish in its claws depicted flying over the Victoria Falls (unofficially the design was used since 1927).
Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland

Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, 1953-1963

In 1953 Southern Rhodesia was united with the Southern Rhodesia and Nyasaland into the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. The Federation dissolved at the end of 1963, when the Northern Rhodesia reverted to its former status.
Zambia 1963

Republic of Zambia, 1964-1996

The country achieved independence as the Republic of Zambia on October 24, 1964. Its new national flag was based on the flag of the United National Independence Party (UNIP, also green with vertical stripes at the fly side), also inspired by the earlier flag of the Northern Rhodesia. In 1996 the flag was slightly modified — the shade of green became slightly lighter.[4]


  1. Flag of Zambia at Wikipedia
  2. Flag of Zambia at CIA World Factbook
  3. Zambia at Flags of the World
  4. Zambia, flag of. (2009). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved January 21, 2009, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online.
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