Flag of Zimbabwe
Adopted April 18, 1980
Designed by Committee headed by Mr Richard Hove[1]
Proportions 1:2[2]

Flag of Zimbabwe consists of seven equal horizontal bands of green, yellow, red, black, red, yellow, and green with a white isosceles triangle edged in black with its base on the hoist side; a yellow Zimbabwe bird is superimposed on a red five-pointed star in the center of the triangle.[3]


Officially, the meanings of the colours on the flag are as follows:

  • Green: the agriculture and rural areas of Zimbabwe
  • Yellow: the wealth of minerals in the country
  • Red: the blood shed during the war of the liberation
  • Black: the heritage and ethnicity of the native Africans of Zimbabwe
  • White: peace[4]

Yellow Zimbabwe bird represents the long history of the country.

The colours of the flag of Zimbabwe are based on those of the flag of the ruling party, the Zimbabwe African National Union (Patriotic Front) (ZANU(PF)).


British South Africa Company

BSAC, 1890-1964

Originally the territory of the contemporary Zimbabwe was colonised by British South Africa Company, established by Cecil Rhodes in 1889. Since 1890 its own flag was flown.
Southern Rhodesia

Southern Rhodesia, 1923-1953

Since 1895 the country became known as Rhodesia, and since 1901 as Southern Rhodesia.The colony was reorganised many times, and the flag was also subject to change. The colonial flags were used alongside with the flag of the United Kingdom.
Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland

Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, 1953-1964

In 1953 Southern Rhodesia was united with Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland into the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland.
Rhodesia 1964

Southern Rhodesia, 1964-1968, 1979-1980

The Federation broke up on 31 December 1963, when Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland gained independence as Zambia and Malawi respectively. Since 1964 Southern Rhodesia became known as Rhodesia again.

Rhodesia, 1968-1979

In 1965 the country unilaterally proclaimed its independence from the United Kingdom, and three years later adopted new flag. On March 2, 1970, the country was declared a republic. Nothing of that was recognised by the United Kingdom, and from legal perspective the country remained Southern Rhodesia.
Zimbabwe Rhodesia

Zimbabwe Rhodesia, 1979-1980

In 1979, the country became known as Zimbabwe Rhodesia and a new flag was adopted on September 2.

Zimbabwe, 1980-present

The independent and recognised Republic of Zimbabwe was proclaimed on April 18, 1980, and on the same day it adopted the current flag.


  1. Flags of the World
  2. Flag of Zimbabwe at Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  3. Flag of Zimbabwe at CIA World Fact Book
  4. Flag of Zimbabwe at Wikipedia
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